UNESCO-IHP advocates for more equitable water resources management and human development opportunities for both women and men.

Gender Equality is one of UNESCO's global priorities, with a commitment to promote equality between women and men across the Organization's mandate. Gender Equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for the creation of sustainable and peaceful societies. 

  • Women represent at least half of the workforce in agriculture and food production, and often bear the daily burden of carrying water to their families. Although women play such a pivotal role in water resource management, sanitation and hygiene (especially in rural areas), gendered water data are among the least available of national level indicators, and 45% of countries do not produce any gender statistics related to water. Climate change, inadequate access to water, and poor water quality negatively affect women’s and girls’ health, education, employment, income, and empowerment in ways that are distinct from their male counterparts There are corresponding risks to both local and global food production and the care of livestock. Additionally, in academia, women are under-represented in hydrogeology studies mainly because of the structure of academia and historically low numbers of women entering the field.
  • UNESCO-IHP’s GGRETA project is currently testing on the field sex-disaggregated indicators for water assessment, monitoring and reporting developed by UNESCO-WWAP. GGRETA project will be the first ever multi-country and multi-regional water monitoring project with comparable sex-disaggregated data.  Results will be useful for the formulation of informed decisions on water resource management, use and access in the areas of interest of GGRETA. The sex-disaggregated data overview will also prove the importance to get such data on a global scale, in view of the post-2015/SDGs monitoring strategy.