Bug and Neman

Fostering Multi-country Cooperation over Conjunctive Surface and Groundwater Management in the Bug and Neman Transboundary River Basins and the Underlying Aquifer Systems

Project Information

2018 - 2022

The project aims to advance transboundary water governance through the conjunctive management of surface and groundwater in the Central European adjoining Bug and the Neman river basins as a means to improve water security and sustainability of freshwater ecosystem services, balance competing water uses, and mitigate the expected impacts of climate variability and change.

The project has the following components:

  1. Improve and harmonize the countries’ knowledge of the transboundary water resources, and of the expected impacts of increased climate variability and change.
  2. Facilitating the establishment of cooperation mechanisms and institutions among countries sharing the basins and their water resources.
  3. Testing of conjunctive surface and groundwater management approaches, through the application of the principles of eco-hydrogeology.
  4. Facilitating countries' commitment to joint priority actions.
  5. Communication, Dissemination and Replication Activities.

Project objectives

  • The project foresees the following outcomes:
  • Countries recognize the transboundary and interlinked nature of the surface waters, aquifers and their dependent ecosystems in the two basins, and their high vulnerability to anthropogenic and climatic impacts.
  • Countries reach agreement on the key issues of transboundary concern and their immediate and root causes, including climate change, and decide to take steps to deal with them.
  • The countries explore and reach consensus on the application of eco-hydrogeology for addressing imbalances in the aquatic environment as a part of the TDA development.
  • Strengthened institutional cooperation, coordination and information sharing among riparian countries in each basin, and between the two basins, improves sustainability of the shared resources.
  • Legal arrangements for transboundary cooperation improve cooperation and prevent conflicts.
  • Testing of conjunctive management options for balancing water nexus conflicts and adapting to climate change and variability identified through the TDAs and other similar processes builds country and regional Institutions and their capacity and commitment to reforms and investments.
  • Policy makers in countries, having improved their understanding of (i) the surface, groundwater and ecosystems interactions in the two basins, (ii) the implications of expected climatic changes, and (iii) the existing water nexus conflicts, are poised to develop effective conjunctive water resources management strategies.
  • Political commitment reached among countries on implementing priority legal, institutional and policy reforms for the protection and equitable utilization of shared waters and dependent ecosystems of the two basins through conjunctive surface and groundwater management.
  • Long-term sustainability of achievements enhanced through public and political awareness campaigns, stakeholder involvement and replication mechanism.